A to Z of Judaism
- From Kabbalah To Kotel
Jewish mystical tradition, based on the book the Zohar, written in the second century by Rabbi Shimon Bar Yochai.
Mournerís prayer, written in Aramaic. Refers to the greatness of God and is meant to elevate the soul of the deceased.
Hebrew word for bride.
Literally translates as atonements. A ritual carried out on Erev Yom Kippur, whereby either a live chicken or a small bag of coins is waved over the head to act as atonement for sin. The chicken is then slaughtered and given to the poor, or the money donated to charity.
The act of tearing oneís clothes upon hearing of the death of a close relative.
Translates literally as sanctification. Prayer over wine recited on Shabbat and festivals, at the beginning of the holiday meal.
The first part of the traditional Jewish wedding ceremony, where the bride is given a ring by the groom.
Translates from the Yiddish as pudding. A traditional dish that can be made sweet or savoury, from either potatoes or noodles. Usually served on Shabbat and festivals.
Skullcap worn by Jewish men.
The ninth month of the Jewish year. Chanukah begins on the 25th of the month.
Rice, corn and legume-based foods that are forbidden to Ashkenazim to consume during Pesach but permitted in the Sephardi tradition.
Matzo-balls, or dumplings, usually served in chicken soup.
Translates from Hebrew as fitting or correct. Refers to food that is permissible according to Jewish law, as well as other ritual objects that meet all their halachic requirements.
The Western Wall, also known as the Wailing Wall, is the last remnant of the Temple in Jerusalem, destroyed by the Romans in the year 70CE.